Journal of Nepalese Prosthodontic Society

Abstract

Osseointegration of titanium dental implants is the most important clinical parameter for an implant tobe successful. One of most biocompatible material titanium can be made to affix fast on to host bone viavarious modification of its surface. Machined and smooth titanium implant osseointegrate into livingbone tissue but with a roughened surface this is much more predictable as well as promising clinically.Surface modification allows for an increase in the surface area on to which the osteoblasts easily startlaying bone. So there have been various methods to roughen the surface of titanium implants. Thearticle describes various methods used for modifying the surfaces of dental implants giving a note ontheir clinical efficacy as well as advantages and disadvantages of these methods.

Key words: Dental Implants, Osseointegration, Wettability


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